Members who recently crossed the bar:
Captain John D. Cleaver – Christchurch Branch in July 2013;
Captain Christopher S. Morris – Tauranga Branch on 21st September 2013;
Captain Ronald A. Colebrook – Wellington Branch on 22nd September 2013;
Captain Robert Wyld – Tauranga Branch on 30th January 2014
Lloyds List Monday 17 February 2014 by Janet Porter
AT least 200 to 300 containers were lost from the 7,200 teu Svendborg Maersk late last week when the ship was caught up in atrocious weather conditions as it crossed the Bay of Biscay.
The full tally could be higher, with the exact number of boxes swept overboard not yet known. The ship arrived in Malaga on Monday evening where officials from Maersk Line and the P&I club, plus stowage and lashing experts, are waiting to assess the losses and investigate exactly what happened.
Many more containers are damaged after the stacks in at least six bays tilted over during the hurricane force winds that lashed much of Europe on Friday. Svendborg Maersk was reported to have been rolling at up to 40 degrees.
The 1998-built ship was heading from Rotterdam to Sri Lanka at the time of the accident, and some of the lost containers were probably empty on the backhaul leg.
None of the crew was injured but will be given counselling.
This is thought to be the biggest loss of containers in a single incident that Maersk Line has ever suffered.
The Wellington Branch hold monthly meetings at Bay Plaza Hotel, Oriental Parade, 1200 for 1230 on the following WEDNESDAYS during 2013.
In the past year a number of meetings were attended by wives and guests of members where the speakers subject was of interest. We would extend the same invitation this coming year.
12 Mar David Binnie, General Manager, Crown Minerals, Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.
He will talk on the financial and other advantages to New Zealand of Oil Exploration.
09 April AGM Wellington Branch
14 May TBA
11 June TBA
09 July TBA
13 Aug AGM
10 Sep TBA
08 Oct TBA
19 Nov Dinner 1800
Please contact Secretary Graham Williams email@example.com to confirm your attendance the previous day.
As part of a plan to raise the membership of the Company, which has been on a slow decline, it was agreed by the Executive Council to have a promotional brochure printed, distributed to branches and on to individual members. As shown below is a copy of this flyer which is seen to be an aid in encouraging the recruitment of new members. Exactly how the best benefit is to be gained by the circulation of these leaflets remains with the Branch Committees but it is hoped that, where relevant, they do assist members in stimulating suitable entrants to apply for membership. A reserve of these handouts are held by Branch Secretaries, please make good use of them.
From Lloyds List Friday 10 January 2014 by Michael Grey
“The Board was also at pains to ensure that a constant supply of good officers would be available to sail the new ships.”
The object, said the chairman in his report, “was to get good steady lads, who will work their way up in our service and become in time efficient officers and commanders of our ships”.
Each ship would carry between three and five apprentices under indenture to the company and just four years after the company had commissioned its first vessel, 45 apprentices had been appointed, while “there were many applications on our books”.
THIS was in the annual report of the New Zealand Shipping Company in 1878, details of which are to be found in Alan Bott’s fine book about the sailing fleet of NZS, which served on the world’s longest trade route between 1873 and 1900, when the company went over to steam.
I had been thinking about the industry’s attitude to its trainees when doing some research for Lloyd’s List’s digital commemoration, and it is clear that this company had some really quite advanced ideas about its responsibility for growing its own talent.
There was no whingeing to the government for grants to train, and indeed the NZS even commissioned its own hostel for apprentices in the East India Dock Road, with its matron and housekeeper to keep the lads standing by ships in line. The company, without doubt, knew where its responsibilities lay.
But for hundreds of years before this, virtually every merchant ship would routinely carry apprentices, learning their trade “on the job”, often for as long as seven hard years.
They would often be indentured to the master of the ship, sometimes to the owner. It would be no exaggeration to suggest that they were cheap labour, with their lodgings and victuals their only recompense.
Their welfare was very much at the mercy of the master, who if he was far sighted and decent, would ensure they were properly taught and learned the principles of navigation alongside the seamanship they practised daily.
As I write this I have my own indentures, dated 1956, on my desk, its archaic language barely altered from that of those signed a century or more earlier.
The only concession to modernity was that “the master hereby covenants with the said apprentice that during the said term he will and shall use all proper means to teach the said apprentice or cause him to be taught the business of a seaman and of a ship’s officer as practised in vessels other than sailing ships”.
I did get paid a small amount every month, although my father had to pay a £35 ($57) “surety” to ensure I didn’t jump ship, on which case it would be forfeit.
We were cheap labour, too, although it was a very notable fact that the Port Line rarely seemed to “import” officers, with almost all having started in the same fashion.
One generation trained the next, in a continuum that had worked further back than anyone could remember.
Twenty years on and the industry carried on training in this way.
A couple of months ago, I read Under a Yellow Sky* by Simon Hall, now chief executive of a financial group but who has just written an account of his cadetship in Shell Tankers, although he diplomatically abstains from mentioning its name in this entertaining book.
He went away in the early 1970s, although by then, sea time was interspersed with periods of shore-side study.
It is clear that he and his fellow cadets worked like slaves on board these ships, the junior cadets at the bottom of the food chain and mightily oppressed by their seniors.
Nevertheless, there seems to have been time to go ashore occasionally and desperate quantities of drink taken, which seems to have dulled the pain.
The point I am painfully making towards is the fact that down through the ages, shipping companies have regarded it as important to train their own officers, like the Creator himself producing man “in his own image”.
These were people who would be brought up in the company way of doing things, sometimes badly taught by officers who did not care or were too busy, but more often in the hands of officers who undertook these responsibilities seriously.
“You’ll make a good third mate: I’ll be happy to sail with you any time,” said Simon Hall’s final chief officer, as he completed his cadetship.
It was clearly an important and worthwhile accolade.
But somewhere between then and now, training has been moved decisively from the category of “investment” to that of “costs” in the minds of the bean counters.
The responsibility for training the next generation has been largely sloughed off to colleges, to governments or to anyone who might pick up some of the bill.
Now we have cadets tolerated as a sort of codicil to the tonnage tax regime, treated all too often as passengers, on board ships where not a soul speaks their language, in a company where they have no prospect of future employment as an officer.
Does anyone in the industry regard this as progress?
There are a few companies that take their training responsibilities seriously, but they will tend to be the major shipmanagers, whose personnel folk tear their hair out looking for berths on board their clients’ ships, where sea time can be earned.
It’s a very long way from the positive action reported to the board of NZS, with their enthusiastic endorsement of their scheme for apprentice training, nearly 140 years ago.
*Under a Yellow Sky, by Simon Hall, is published by Whittles, available from www.whittlespublishing.com at £16.99.
AIS can no longer be trusted, says hacking expert
Lloyds List Wednesday 16 October 2013 by David Osler
THE Automatic Identification System is “fundamentally broken” and can no longer be trusted, according to Trend Micro, the company that detailed its researchers to prove how easy it is to hack into the system that tracks the location of the world fleet.
Rik Ferguson, director of security research, said that a team from the firm had discovered simple ways of making any ship appear at any given set of co-ordinates, and even to invent virtual vessels that show up on computers linked to AIS.
The development is being highlighted at a hacking and security conference taking place today in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
“We are highlighting the real dangers of older technology when things are becoming ever more interconnected through the internet, particularly things that were never intended to be so,” said Mr Ferguson.
Systems that have relied in the past on the difficulty of modifying radio frequencies are now becoming a wide open playing field, as the underlying software becomes increasingly easy to modify.
The company investigated the issue as part of its pre-emptive work on forward-looking threats on the internet, even though concluded that the problem offers no immediate profit potential.
Nevertheless, the problem has been identified and the relevant bodies informed.
It said: “AIS is so fundamentally broken — and easy for attackers to carry out attacks on — that it requires fixes at the protocol level.
“The basic outcome of the research is that if attackers begin to abuse it — which we haven’t seen any evidence of yet — then the entire system could no longer be trusted, because there would not be any way of truthfully and accurately identifying which data is correct and which data is false.”
Maritime security specialists have long worried that Somali pirates with basic laptops and an internet connection could exploit AIS for their own purposes.
Although the equipment needed to hack AIS is easy to source and cheap to buy, however, groups would need a certain level of expertise to succeed.
In theory, it is not beyond the ability of pirate groups to attain such expertise.
“The thing with research is that once it is out there, it can easily be abused. But on the flipside, without it being out there, it is unlikely that the weaknesses in the protocol can be plugged, and that is the most important thing.”
One nasty possibility is a so-called frequency-hopping attack.
Vessels are tuned to a range of radio frequencies to communicate with port authorities and other vessels.
Ports can instruct AIS transponders to work on a specific frequency, but hackers could potentially spoof this command.
That could lead vessels in effect to disappear from AIS screens but still be visible to pirates.
Lloyd’s List sister business Lloyd’s List Intelligence is a prominent provider of vessel-tracking services, which unlike those of its rivals, is backed with human intelligence from the Lloyd’s of London agency network in 700 ports around the world.
Lloyd’s List Intelligence specialist Ian Trowbridge said the company would probably be able to spot malpractice.
“What this is about is reliability of unverified data,” he said. “From our aspect we have other data to support what is displayed.
“The spoofing would immediately be identified by [Lloyd’s List Intelligence] as a warp vessel, providing unexplained position reports outside of the vessel’s speed/distance capability and thus subject to further investigation and validation using visual reports from the network of Lloyd’s Agency and our other contacts worldwide.”
The ability to misuse AIS has been understood for some time.
A simple Google search returns loads of articles and stories offering many methods, from altering GPS time offsets to the classic method of capturing real signals, replacing an Maritime Mobile Service Identity code or co-ordinates and providing another system flag to indicate a relay and retransmit.
“Additionally port states and maritime authorities do have access to an alternate secure encrypted system for vessel tracking, long-range identification and tracking,” Mr Trowbridge said.
“This, along with the other navigation systems that are not based upon AIS, will minimise the potential impact of potential AIS signal manipulation.”
The Master, Captain Kenneth Watt, lays our wreath at the National War Memorial service to commerorate Merchant Nay Day on Tuesday 03 September 2013.
IRCA Registered 5 Day Lead Auditor / Auditor Training for
ISO 9001:2008 and the IMO’s International Safety Management
(ISM) Code Management Systems
Photo by Whites Aviation of Auckland waterfront on 22 September 1953
At Princes :- TOFUA, HAURAKI, HORORATA, WAINUI
At Queens :- SUEVIC, KAWAROA, TAMAROA
At Captain Cook :- PORT AUCKLAND, WANGANELLA
At Kings :- TURIHAUA, WELLINGTON STAR, VILJA, KATUI
At Bledisloe :- SCOTTISH STAR
At Jellicoe :- MATUA, MATTHEW FLINDERS
At Devonport: HMAS AUSTRALIA
At Mechnics Bay :- Two SOLENT flying boats of TEAL (Air New Zealand)